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Reading comprehension(passage for SBI PO -Mains 2015,IBPS PO 2015, Banking exams passage test.

Every four years voters across the United States elect a president. Various factors such as choices in campaign locations, the candidates‘ adherence to polling data and use of the Internet by candidates to reach potential voters all influence the preference of those voters, but perhaps none of these is so persuasive as a candidate‘s performance on nationally televised debates just prior to the election. Newspapers and television news programs generally attempt to provide thorough coverage of the debates, further augmenting the effect of good or bad candidate performances.


In this way, the news media fulfil the traditional role of educating the public and enabling voters to make better informed decisions about elected officials. However, the same technology which brings live debates into millions of living rooms across the nation also limits the availability of debate coverage by use of ―pool‖ coverage, the sharing of news coverage with other news organizations. The alternative is unilateral coverage, in which each news organization covers the event independently. Most events subject to pool coverage are so planned by the sponsors because of space limitations or safety concerns for prominent people attending or participating in the events. Since the television media require more people and equipment than their print counterparts, television usually is affected more frequently.


The pool system, when employed to cover debates between presidential nominees of the major political parties, violates the first amendment. The Constitution‘s mandate for a free press allows restrictions on press coverage only when there is a compelling governmental interest at stake. Presidential debates involve no interest sufficient to justify the admission of one news organization to the exclusion of all others.


Pool coverage of a presidential debate means that individual broadcasters are unable to cover the event in their own way and, consequently, to convey a unique account to their viewers; they must purchase and use coverage provided by the pool representative or have no coverage at all. The networks participate reluctantly. Pool coverage denies an opportunity to gain maximum insight from the debate. Indeed, the first amendment freedoms afforded the press exist largely to ensure that the public benefits from the free flow of information. The Supreme Court has noted that ―it is the right of viewers and listeners, not the right of the broadcasters, which is paramount.‖


To overcome the problem of restricted access, television news media could be divided into four categories: domestic networks, foreign news services, domestic news services, and independent broadcasters. Some broadcasters would be denied access, but the critical point is that in the end, the viewers will benefit, for they will have seen different debate coverage and, ultimately, will be better informed.


1. What is the author of the passage primarily concerned with?

A. Arguing in favour of giving more rights to individual broadcasters

B. Describing the pool system of coverage of events

C. Asserting that the first Amendment needs to be amended

D. Describing a problem with media coverage of certain events and suggesting a solution

E. Criticising the American Presidential election system

2. Which of the following claims does the passage provide some support for?

A. News organizations tend not to cooperate with each other unless they are forced to do so.

B. Most presidential candidates fare poorly in televised debates because they are not good public speakers.

C. Current news coverage of presidential debates limits the information available to the public.

D. Foreign news organizations have generally been uninterested in American presidential debates.

E. The pool system also has its positive points

3. The author of this passage would probably give his greatest support to which of the following actions?

A. A decision to allow more news services to cover presidential debates

B. A decision to allow fewer news services to cover presidential debates

C. A decision to ban presidential debates until more news services are allowed to cover them

D. A decision to ban presidential debates until fewer news services are allowed to cover them

E. A decision to change the first amendment

4. What role does the last paragraph play in the passage?

A. It provides a general conclusion to the passage

B. It suggests a solution to a problem discussed in the passage

C. It provides specific guidelines that need to be followed in future

D. It describes an action that the author opposes

E. It provides support for the main conclusion of the passage

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