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Rearrangement-        Rearrangement tricks for IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI & banking exams.

Rearrangement or Para jumble- Basically, you are given a paragraph - but the sentences are not in the right order. It's up to you to untie this knot and rearrange the sentences so that they logically make sense. It’s not only your test of English but your reasoning skills also. The key to solving a Para-jumble is in identifying the chain of thought. Once a student is able to identify the central point and chain of thought, solving Para-jumbles becomes fairly easy.

Rearrangement tips.JPG

The smartest approach

 The best approach to solving PJ/Rearrangement questions is the 'free fall' one. That is, develop a high reading speed and scan all 4-5 sentences. Try to get a feel of what the passage is about.

 

Point to consider-

 

You should look out for the starting or the concluding sentences in the question. Sometimes they are clearly visible and can help you immensely in identifying the correct sequence. Look out for personal pronouns (he, she, it, him, her, you, they). Personal pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing. Therefore, if a sentence has a personal pronoun without mentioning the person, place or object it is referring to, mark it in your head and scan the paragraph for the original person, place or object that it refers to. This sentence comes after that sentence, and it can't be opening.

  • Follow the activities: At times, the Para Jumble will have sentences talking about activities. In such cases by just analyzing which activity happens when, the question can be solved very easily. 
  • Sometimes the events mentioned in the paragraph can be arranged in a chronological order making it easy for you to identify the sequence.
  •  Certain words called 'transition words' help the author to shift from one thought flow to another. In other words, they usher in change. Some transition words that appear regularly are --- hence, besides, simultaneously, in conclusion, etc. While you practice PJs whenever you come across a transition word --- note it down. Make a list!
  • If there are two sentences, one containing an idea and another giving examples of the same idea then the sentence containing the idea should come before the sentence containing the examples.
  • Time Sequence Approach (TSA)-Either dates or time sequence indicating words: Be aware of the time indication either by giving years - or by using time indicating words. Arrange the sentences using their proper time sequence. Here are a few time sequence indicating words -Before after later when
  • There will be sentences having ‘connectives’ like although, though, if, until, since, but, after, alternatively, besides, then, yet, because, consequently, notwithstanding, and, when, meanwhile, so, however, for, whoever, whatever, whenever, nevertheless, therefore, furthermore, whereas, moreover etc. These sentences are almost never the opening ones. They always refer to people or events mentioned in previous sentences.
  • The whole paragraph should have a coherent idea and flow when arranged in the correct order

 

Final strategy to solve-

Step-1 – Mark the idea and tone of the sentences. This will enable you to identify the Opening and/or closing sentence making the task easier. You may opt for elimination method

Step-2 – Search for connectors to sentences e.g. conjunctions, personal (He/she/it/they/their etc), relative (Who, whose, that, which etc.), Demonstrative (These, those, this, that etc.) pronouns as they indicate that they must have been used in place of some noun-proper/common etc. So find the link between the sentences.

Step-3- A few paragraphs have time factors in it indicating that the events mentioned for the earlier time should come first and could help you to put them in chronological order- 

e.g.   A. First war of independence took place in 1857 

B.  East India Company came to India in 1600 with business motive

C. hence, Quit India Movement of 1942 was mobilised to push back the Britishers 

 D. It spread its wings all over the country despite declaring its business intentions

 E. Giving a serious thought on global situation our leaders found it the right moment to start nation-wide movement

 F. Second world war, that began in 1939 started to show its impact globally   
You can very well decode it – ‘BDAFEC’ 

Step-4 – You may find certain words which may be leading towards next para or concluding part – like, Summing up, in a nutshell, Nevertheless, therefore, However, hence, So, Simultaneously, Apart from etc. They denote the change of thought process and transform sentence to next stage. Such words may be noted.

Step-5- Please practice more and improve the reading skills and accuracy. 

 

 

Example

 

Rearrange the following five sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

 

A. Z particle is a massive electrically neutral carrier particle of the weak force that acts upon all known subatomic particles. It is the neutral partner of the electrically charged W particle.

B. For decades after that, it appeared that only charged weak messengers were necessary to account for all observed weak interactions. However, the attempts to produce a gauge-invariant theory of the weak force- i.e., a theory that is symmetrical with respect to transformations in space and time- suggested unifying weak and electromagnetic interactions.

C. According to the Standard Model of particle physics, the W and Z particles are the gauge bosons that mediate the weak force responsible for some types of radioactive decay and for the decay of other unstable, short-lived subatomic particles.

D. The concept that the weak force is transmitted by intermediary messenger particles arose following the successful description of the electromagnetic force in terms of the emission and absorption of photons.

E. The Z particle has a mass of 91.19 gigaelectronvolts nearly 100 times that of the proton. The W is slightly lighter, with a mass of 80.4 GeV. Both particles are very short-lived, having lifetimes of only about 10-25 second

Questions:

1.Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

1)C 2) A 3) E 4) B 5) D

2.Which of the following would be the LAST sentence after rearrangement?

1) C 2) E 3) A 4) D 5) B

 3.Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

1) A 2) D 3) C 4) E 5) B

4. Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?

1) C 2) D 3) B 4) A 5) E

5. Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?

1) A 2) B 3) C 4) D 5) E

 

Solution:(1 to 5)

Statement A is 1

 1st sentence.

Z particle and W particle are introduced in statement A. Their characteristics are continued in E. AE is the best logical positioning. E is the 2nd sentence after rearrangement.

Statement C, while continuing the W and Z theme introduces the ‘mediation of weak force’. The intermediary in D links to statement C,hence C is 3

rd sentence.

D also mentions when ‘the concept arose’. D is 4the sentence after rearrangement. Statement B then states what happened decades after that and later.so clearly it is last sentence.

AECDBSo correct sequence is

 

 

These were the Basics of PJ/rearrangements, we will have one more session on it.

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Practice questions

1.

A). To get a head start, early the next morning the farmer started covering ground quickly because he wanted to get as much land as he could.

B). Late in the afternoon he realized the condition he had to fulfill to get the land was to get back to the starting point by sundown.

C). Even though he was tired, he kept going all afternoon because he did not want to miss this once in a lifetime opportunity to gain more wealth.

D). There is a story about a wealthy who was once offered all the land he could walk on in a day, provided he come back by sundown to the point where he started.

 

1) DCAB                2) CABD                  3) DACB                      4) DABC

 

2.

A). Mr. D Gautam's personality sets him apart the rest.

B). Nothing is too small for his attention

C). He has a fanatical devotion to detail.

D). This is what makes him a different guy.

 

1) ACBD               2) ABCD                     3) BCDA                     4) 2134

 

3.

A). Let us take a look at the manner in which the traditional bank adds value to the customer.

B). The ability to retain deposits, in itself, is not enough to ensure long-term survival and growth.

C). The ability to deploy invested funds into productive economic activity at a higher rate of return, hence contributing to the prosperity of both the economy and the institution, is the other loop in the banking cycle.

D). Further, as only a small portion of the actual deposit base is retained with the bank in a liquid form, the very survival of the bank lies in building enough trust with its clientele so as to prevent the occurrence of a sizeable chunk of simultaneous customer withdrawal (a run on the bank).

E). The bank's basic job is risk absorption- it takes money, which has a lot of attached risk, and provides the customer an assured rate of return.

1) CADBE                    2) EABCD                            3) BDAEC                     4) AEDBC

4.

A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval or complaint.

B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him.

C. He acknowledges too "in fact he returns to the point often " that best translators of poetry always fail at some level.

D. Hofman feels passionate about his work, and this is clear from his writings.

E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street-cleaners.

1. EACDB                 2. ADEBC                       3. EACBD                         4. DCEAB

5.

A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.

B. In areas where there are no words or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.

C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the unsubmissive.

D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.

E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation.

1. BEDAC                                2. CDABE                                  3. EDBAC                  4. ABCDE 

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