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Seating arrangement tips for Banking exams, Seating arrangement for IBPS,SBI,RBI. LINEAR ARRANGEMENT tips for banking exams.

Seating arrangement tips for Banking exams(IBPS PO, IBPS CLERK, SBI PO, SBI CLERK, RBI)-LINEAR ARRANGEMENT

As the name indicates it includes arrangement linearly where single or parallel lines are given on which arrangements have to be done.

Linear Arrangement is essentially arranging the items given in a sequence (in a single line). The questions of this type are also referred to as “Seating Arrangement.” The word “seating arrangement” should not be misconstrued - it should not be treated as consisting of questions involving only persons sitting as per specified conditions. Essentially these questions Involve arranging subjects (people or things) satisfying the given conditions. The arrangement is done only on one “axis” and hence, the position of the subjects assume importance here in terms of order like first position, second position, etc. When we arrange people or things in a line, we use words like “sitting/standing/positioned to the left”, “sitting/standing/ positioned to the right” etc. For example, it is given that “A sits to the left of B”, A can be sitting in any position to the left of B - it need not necessarily be to the immediate left. So, unless otherwise specifically mentioned, “immediately left” or

 “immediately right” do not indicate “immediately to the left” or “immediately to the right.”

Also, the terms “left” and “right” are relative in nature, i.e., it depends on from whose side you are looking at the people sitting to decide which is left side and which, right. For example, if it is given that “Five people A, B, C, D and E are sitting in a row where A sits at one extreme. A sits to the immediate right of B.” Either one of the following is possible from the above

 statement:

Possibility 1: ── ──  ──  ── B A

Possibility 2: A B ── ──  ──  ──

In the first case, we are treating “left” as our left in the second case, if the people are sitting facing us, then we treat it as the left of the members of the group. Whichever interpretation we give to the statement given in the data, we have to ensure that there is consistency. If we take our left and our right to interpret one of the statements, then, we should follow the same practice throughout the set. Please note that in general, how you interpret the words “left” and “right” does not matter as Long as you maintain consistency. When you change the interpretation of “left” and “right” from possibility 1 to possibility 2 shown above, the entire arrangement changes (as a mirror image) and hence, the answer to the questions will not change. Very few questions/sets of questions specify left and right explicitly.

 Let's understand it through example:

 Example 1:

For each of the following questions (Q. 1 to 4), read the information given, and answer the questions that follow.

Five friends Aditi, Bindiya, Chinmay, Debojit and Ehsaan are sitting on a bench. Also it is known that ...

• Aditi is sitting next to Bindiya.

• Chinmay is sitting next to Debojit.

• Debojit is not sitting with Ehsaan.

• Ehsaan is on the left end of the bench.

• Chinmay is on the second position from the right.

• Aditi is on the right of Bindiya and Ehsaan.

• Aditi and Chinmay are sitting together.

Q. 1 Where is Aditi Sitting?

(1) Between Bindiya & Debojit (2) Between Debojit and Chinmay

(3) Between Ehsaan and Debojit (4) Between Bindiya and Chinmay

(5) None of the above

Q. 2 Who is sitting in the center?

(1) Aditi (2) Bindiya (3) Chinmay (4) Debojit (5) None of these

Q. 3 Chinmay is sitting between ...

(1) Bindiya & Debojit (2) Aditi & Ehsaan (3) Debojit & Ehsaan (4) Aditi and Debojit (5) Can’t say

Q. 4 What is the position of Debojit?

(1) Extreme left (2) Extreme right (3) Third from left (4) Second from left (5) Can’t say

SOLUTION

-Lay down the following steps in order to solve such problems:

(i) Make a diagram of empty places.

(ii) Using all the information, consider all possibility and choose the possibility which does not violate condition.

Here all the persons can be represented by his/her initials. First of all we set that the fourth and the fifth sentences constitute definite informations, first, second, sixth and seventh sentences constitute comparative information while the third is a negative information. Starting with the definite information, you can immediately draw the following arrangement.

E  _ _ C _

Now let us look for the comparative information that tell about E and C. These are the second, sixth and seventh sentences.

Take the seventh sentence and the first sentence. If A and C are together and also B and A are together, then A must be between B and C. This leads to:

E B A C _

Now, with help of the second sentence:

E B A C D

Now, read the questions and check that you get the following answers:

1. Ans. (4) 2. Ans. (1) 3. Ans. (4) 4. Ans. (2)

Example-2

QUE: A) A, P, R, X, S, and Z are sitting in a row . S and Z are in the center. A and P are at the ends.

R is sitting to the left of A. Who is to right of P?

1. A

2. X

3. S

4. Z

SOL: X

Given S and Z are in the center and A and P are at the ends but the question lies which amongst A and P are at the right and left end.

 But if we read ahead then its given that R is sitting to left of A, that means A is to extreme right, and P to extreme left. That means arrangement is like:

P X S Z R A

So the answer is X.

 QUE: A, B, C, D, E are sitting on a bench, A is sitting next to B, C is sitting next to D, D is not sitting with E who is on the left end of the bench. C is on the second position from the right. A is to the right of B and E. A and C are sitting together , in which position A is sitting?

1. Between B and D

2. Between B and C

3. Between E and D

4. Between C and E

 

ANS: Between B and C

Now in this question its given C is sitting next to D, and D is not sitting with E which is at the left, C is on the second position from right, so it can be represented as:

E C D

now A is to right of B and E that means

E B C D

Also given A and C are together so finally it can be framed as:

E B A C D

So, Answer  is Between B and C.

 

To conclude with in both the arrangements its very necessary to analyze the given conditions and plan arrangements accordingly.

Take the best possible clue from the question and try to arrange them as quick as possible to complete on time with accuracy.

Attention- In previous post we have already discussed - seating arrangement- circular arrangement

Here is the link-  Click to see-Tips for circular arrangement