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Seating arrangement tips and tricks for Banking exams like ibps,sbi,rrb,rbi etc.

Analytical Reasoning represents judgments made upon statements that are based on the virtue of the statements own content.

No particular experience beyond an understanding of the meanings of words used is necessary for analytical reasoning.

These days analytical reasoning has become an important part of any competitive exams.

So today we will discuss the most important and interesting topic of analytical reasoning that is sitting arrangement.


Sitting Arrangement can be explained under two categories:


2. Linear

As the name indicates circular arrangement means we have to arrange given number of persons in circular order.

Whereas in linear arrangement in a single line or parallel lines.



Sitting arrangement or seating plan is just a diagram or a set of written instructions that determines where people should take their seats.

This is one of the crucial and promising sections of banks and other competitive exams.

Sitting arrangement is not any new word which directly invented /introduced for competitive exams. Its just picked up from our daily life. We follow this strategy in formal dinners, weddings, theaters etc to avoid chaos and confusion upon entrance.


But in competitive exams we should arrange given people in specific shape. Most widely asked shapes are circular, parallel lines etc.

Generally as soon as seeing the question people tend to draw the shape mentioned in the question and latter put dots or lines according to the given details. Its not good practice because it ruins your valuable time and often leads to extra confusion.

So better use straight lines instead of circles and shapes.


Drawing straight lines instead of circles also make it easier to find who is sitting opposite to whom.

Lets have a look at below diagram for detailed understandings.

Assume that you have been asked to draw a circular arrangement of six people:

 reasoning tips


In the above-mentioned figure the simpler and easier way to assign is to draw through lines.

Drawing circle and then assigning places accordingly will be time-consuming.

so the simpler way is to draw lines as mentioned in second figure and then assign places to persons instead of drawing shape and then assigning.



1. If A is sitting immediate left of B, that means B is on immediate right of A.

2. To avoid confusion of left and right in circular and other shapes seating arrangement problems you should assume that all people are facing to the center.(unless and until they specify the direction)

3. Its always better idea to assume you are one among them so that it will be easier for you to get an idea of the arrangement.

4. If you are unable to get the idea from a line then better skip that line and go to next line. You can revisit to the skipped line after getting another clue.


Now let's have a look at some problems on seating arrangement so that you will get the concept clear:

QUE:  persons A,B,C,D,E and F are sitting around a circular table, B sitting to the immediate right of E. C is not sitting next to F, F is sitting opposite to B and D is sitting opposite to E.

Who is to immediate left of D?

SOL: Its given that there are 6 people sitting around the table, 6 persons that means you should represent 6 points, That means 3 lines.

Now its given that B is sitting to the immediate right of E, so we shall start with E , just choose any of the end of the line and mark it as E. And B is sitting immediate right to E , so put B at the right side of F.

Now arrangement will look like the figure shown in next slide:

analytical reasoning



Later its given that C is not sitting next to F . We don’t have any idea about this statement at present , so skip to next statement that is F is sitting opposite to B .

We know where B is , so mark F to opposite to B.

Its also given that D is sitting opposite to E, so mark D as opposite to E.

Now the arrangement will look like:




So only A and C are available , now go to the previous statement which we have skipped. C is not sitting next to F. With this statement its clearly known that we can’t place C besides F, so we can place A there. And now there is only one gap between D and B.

We can place C there. So the final arrangement of seating will be appear like this:





Question 2. for practice

QUE: 8 persons P,Q,R,S,T,U,V and W are sitting around a circular table. S is to the immediate right of W. V is not next to either R or T
W is to the immediate right of T who is sitting opposite to R.
U and W are sitting opposite to each other.
QUE: A) Who is sitting opposite to S?
1. V
2. R
3. T
4. U
B) Who is sitting 2 places to the right of W?
2. S
3. V
4. Can’t Say
5. None of these
C) If R and V interchange their places then who is opposite to T?
1. P
2. S
3. R
4. V
5. None of these
D) If V is to the immediate left of P, then who is to the immediate left of R?
1. U
4. Can’t say
5. None of these
So these were question based on circular arrangement.
Now we will discuss about linear arrangement in our next post.
Answers for the practice questions
A.1 B.4 C.4 D.3